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首頁 TOEFL托福準備專欄 抓不到托福口說準備重點?10題最常見的口說問題公開!

抓不到托福口說準備重點?10題最常見的口說問題公開!

對於美語非母語的台灣學生來說,應考托福最難準備的則是口說,因為無論被多少單字文法或是應考模板,在考試當下可能會被考題、現場環境及個人狀態等影響考試表現。而與寫作、聽力及閱讀等考試相比,最大挑戰則是以正確的英語會話說出答案,主要是因英語會話的思考邏輯與脈絡與中文相比有所不同,對於自出生以來習慣以中文的文法及語氣說話在準備上會是一大挑戰。

 

TOEFL口說兩大考題類型:獨立型及整合型

TOEFL口說主要是測驗應考者在全英語環境下的口語表達能力,以此作為評量應考者英文會話水準是否可在英語/美語系國家就讀,了解課堂上教授的課程內容以及是否有能立在這樣的環境下生活。因此,考題內容會以校園內遇到的真實情境出題,包括學術、個人經驗及生活情境等主題。

托福口說準備重點

口說測驗提供總共6題,第一及二題為「獨立型(Independent)考題」,第三至第四題為「整合型(Integrated)考題」,簡單來說考題方向為:

  • 第1-2題:獨立型考題,以個人日常生活經驗為主,敘述自己的喜好或觀點。
    • 第1題:熟悉的事物,如你喜歡的休閒活動、最喜歡的書。
    • 第2題:意見二選一,如贊成或反對學生實習。
    • 第1-2題:電腦朗讀完題目後,有15秒的準備回答時間。準備結束後,有45秒可以回答。
  • 第3-4題:整合型考題,有45秒時間閱讀一篇文章,時間到後文章自動消失,後續則會接著聽力內容。聽力結束後,有30秒時間可以準備答題內容,最後則有60秒時間回答問題。
  • 第5-6題:整合型考題,題目內容以聽力為主,先會聽到1分鐘的對話及2分鐘的講課內容。對話結束後,有20秒時間可以準備答題方向,並有60秒時間可以作答。

口說測驗的答題時間都有限制的準備及答題時間,建議應考生可邊瀏覽/聽考題時,記下問題的重點以利答題。同時也可以在準備答題時,寫下回答的方向及關鍵字,答題時並注意時間的掌控。

 

托福口說準備重點

TOEFL口說考題大彙整

第一題問題範例:

  1. What is the most important decision that you have made in your life? Why is it important to you? Use specific examples and details to support your explanation.
  2. Talk about a social or political celebration event in your culture that you think is special. What is special about it? Specific examples and details are necessary in your answer.
  3. What place do you like best in your city? Give specific examples and details to explain your answer.
  4. Talk about one of the most important inventions that appeared in the past 100 years. Explain why it is so important. Your explanation should include specific examples and details.
  5. What do you think are the characteristics of a good friend? Use details and examples to explain your answer.



第二題問題範例:

  1. Some students prefer to live alone. Others want to share their rooms with their roommates. Which way of living do you think is better for students and why?
  2. When you are together with your friends,which place do you prefer to eat,the restaurant,café or at home? Use specific examples to support your statement.
  3. Some people believe that the TV,newspaper and radio have more influence on individuals than his or her relatives and friends. Others believe that relatives and friends have more influence on people than do the media. Which statement do you prefer? Please give your opinion with specific examples and details.
  4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Use specific details and examples to explain your opinion. The most important lesson cannot be learned in class.
  5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Use specific details and examples to explain your opinion. University education should be free.

 

托福口說準備就如其他考試相同,考前絕對沒有100%正確的猜題,或是考得滿分的準備方法。應考者需要的是耐心及持續練習,像是利用錄音和朋友互相問答,掌握英文表達及申論方式,了解口說的弱點進而改善,提升語感。此外,也可以尋求專業指導及練習,如線上英語課程、短期口說課程,又或者是與英語家就、專業師資進行口說練習,透過模擬方式訓練及加強臨場反應,不要讓自己在考試現場措手不及。